The “Grand Canyon” was officially designated a national park on February 26, 1919, although the landmark had been known to Americans for more than thirty years. It is beyond comparison, beyond description and absolutely incomparable in the whole world. The Park was declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1979.
♦Location: Located in northwest Arizona, the Grand Canyon National Park is the fifteenth site in the United States to be named a national park.
Park Area: The Park covers 1,217,262 acres or 1,901,972 square miles of unincorporated area in Coconino and Mohave counties.
♦Grand Canyon Map: Including its extensive system of tributary canyons, The Grand Canyon, is important for its combination of size, depth and exposed layers of colorful rocks dating from the Precambrian era. The canyon; itself was created by the excision of the Colorado River and its tributaries after the Colorado Plateau rose, which caused the Colorado River system to develop along its current track. The main public areas of the park are the southern and northern Rims, and the adjoining areas of the canyon itself. The rest of the park is extremely rough and remote, although many places can be accessed by trails and backwoods roads.
♦Attractions in Grand Canyon: The Grand Canyon itself is a great attraction in the USA, but also has surrounding natural attractions to see. Points of view include Mather Point, the Yavapai Observation Station and the Lookout Studio by the architect Mary Colter and her Watchtower Desert View. Lipan Point, with sweeping views of the canyon and the Colorado River, is a popular spot, especially at sunrise and sunset.
→Grand Canyon Village: Located on the southern edge of the Grand Canyon, in Coconino County, Arizona, Grand Canyon Village is a census designated place. Since the Grand Canyon National Park is a remarkable tourist attraction, it is totally focused on accommodating tourists who visit the canyon. Its origins go back to the railway completed from Williams, Arizona, to the southern edge of the canyon by the Santa Fe Railroad in 1901 and many of the constructions is used today date from that period. The town contains numerous emblematic buildings, and its historical nucleus is a National Historic District, designated by its excellent implementation of the design of the city.
→Grand Canyon North Rim: The area of the northern edge of the park located on the Kaibab plateau and the Walhalla plateau, directly through the Grand Canyon from the main visitor areas on the south edge. The main visitor areas of the North Rim are centered on Bright Angel Point. The North Rim is higher in elevation than the South Rim, at more than 8,000 feet elevation. Because it is much higher than the South Rim, it is closed from December 1 to May 15 of each year, due to the greater snowfall in the elevation. Visitor services are restricted in scope after October 15. Travel time from the southern edge to the northern edge is approximately 4.5 hours, more than 220 miles.
→ Grand Canyon South Rim: South Rim is more easily accessible than North Rim. Most park visitors reach at the South Rim and arrive on Route 64 of the state of Arizona. The highway enters the park through the South Entrance, near Tusayan, Arizona, and heads east, leaving the park by the East Entrance. Interstate 40 provides access to the area from the south. From the north, US Route 89 UU It connects Utah, Colorado and the northern edge with the southern edge. In general, about 30 miles from the South Rim are accessible by road.
→ Havasu Falls: Havasu Falls is a cascade of Havasu Creek in the Grand Canyon, Arizona. It is within the tribal lands of Havasupai. Havasu Falls is 1 ½ miles from Supai. It is the most famous and the most visited of the several falls along Havasu Creek. It consists of a main ramp that falls on a vertical cliff of 90 to 100 feet in a series of immersion pools. The high absorption of calcium carbonate in the water forms the vivid greenish blue color and creates the natural travertine dams that occur in several places near the falls. There are many picnic tables on the opposite side of the stream, and it is easy to cross them following the edges of the pools. Swimming is possible behind the falls and entering a small rock shelter behind the falls.
→ The Grand Canyon Railway: Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway built this 64-mile railroad and it was completed on September 17, 1901. It is a historic railroad. Passengers are carried by The Grand Canyon Railway between Williams, Arizona and the South Rim of the Grand Canyon National Park.
→ Desert View Watchtower: Desert View Watchtower is a 70-foot stone building situated on the southern edge of the Grand Canyon, in Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona. The tower is more than 20 miles east of the main developed area in the Grand Canyon Village, towards the park’s eastern entrance. It is known as the Indian Watchtower at Desert View.
→ Hopi Point: Hopi Point of South Rim overlooks the canyon and offers breathtaking views of the sunrise and sunset.
→ Navajo Bridge: A pair of steel spandrel bridges which cross through the Colorado River near Lee’s Ferry in north Arizona known as Navajo Bridge. The couple’s newest bridge transports vehicles on American Highway 89A through Marble Canyon, between southern Utah and the Arizona Strip, to an isolated area to the north of the Colorado River, including the north shore of Grand Canyon National Park.
→ Mohave Point: The south shore overlooks vast panoramas of terraced cliffs, sandstone mesas and curves on the Colorado River. Another spectacular point for watching the sunset and sunrise, Mohave Point also offers a view of the Colorado River at the bottom of the canyon.
→ Grand Canyon Skywalk: Situated at Eagle Point Arizona, near the Colorado River, at the edge of a side canyon in the Grand Canyon West area of the main canyon, Grand Canyon Skywalk is a cantilevered glass flooring bridge. The bridge is shaped like a horseshoe. The USGS topographic maps show a 4,770-foot elevation at the Skywalk and a Colorado River elevation at the base of the 1,160-foot canyon, as well as the height of the vertical drop directly below the skywalk from 500 feet to 800 feet.
♦Activities at the North Rim: There are few roads on North Rim, but there are some notable access points for vehicles providing scenic beauty, including Point Imperial, Roosevelt Point and Cape Royal. Mule rides are also available for various locations, including several thousand meters in the canyon. Many visitors at the North Rim choose to enjoy the variety of hiking trails, including the Widforss Trail, Uncle Jim Trail, Transept Trail and North Kaibab Trail, which can be followed to the Colorado River. to the South Kaibab and Bright Angel trails, which extend to the south shore of the Grand Canyon. The Toroweap Overlook is located in the western part of the park, on the north shore. Access is via unpaved roads from Highway 389 west of Fredonia, Arizona. The roads cross the Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument and overlook the overhang.
♦South Rim Activities: South Rim provides a variety of thiriling activities to visitors to the park. A car tour along the south shore is divided into two segments. The 12-kilometer western route to Hermit’s Point has several points of view, including Mohave Point, Hopi Point and Powell Memorial. From March to December, access to Hermit’s Rest is limited to the free shuttle provided by the Parks Department. The eastern part of Desert View spans 25 miles and is open to private vehicles all year round. Walking tours include the Rim Trail, which starts from Pipe Creek Viewpoint on the west for about 8 km of paved road, followed by 7 km unpaved to Hermit’s Rest. Hikes can start almost anywhere on this trail and a shuttle can bring back hikers to their point of origin. Mather Point, the first sight that most people reach when entering through the south entrance, is a popular place to start. Private canyon flights are provided by helicopters and small planes from Las Vegas, Phoenix and the Grand Canyon National Park Airport.