Metz is a city in the north-east of France, located at the confluence of the Moselle and Sil rivers. Metz is the prefecture of the Moselle Department and the seat of Parliament of the Grand Est region. Located near the intersection of France, Germany and Luxembourg, it forms a central place in the Greater European Region and the Euroregion SaarLorLux. The Mets has a rich 3000-year history, being a differently Celtic Oppidum, an important Gallo-Roman city, the capital of the Merovingians of Australia, the birthplace of the Carolingian dynasty, the cradle of Gregorian singing and one of the oldest republics in Europe. The city was immersed in Romanesque culture, but was strongly influenced by German culture due to its location and history.
Due to its historical, cultural and architectural background, Metz was included in the Provisional List of World Heritage of France. The city has notable buildings, such as the Gothic Cathedral of Saint-Stephen with its world’s largest stained-glass window space, and the Built in Roman times as a gymnasium, the Basilica of Saint-Pierre-aux-Nonnains is now a cultural center and concert venue, and the Imperial Palace with the image of the apartment of the German Kaiser or his opera house, the oldest in France. Metz is home to some world-class venues, including the Arsenal Concert Hall and the Center Pompidou-Metz Museum with its undulating roof, exhibits contemporary art.. Metz is a beautiful city in France, with gardens and leafy promenades along the Moselle and Seille rivers. Nearby, the Musee de la Cour d’Or displays artifacts from Roman to Renaissance times. Nearby is the Chapelle des Templiers, an octagonal chapel built by the Templars around the 12th-13th centuries. Metz was annexed by Germany twice between 1871 and 1944, and the German influence is visible in the city’s architecture, notably in the imperial Quarter’s train station with its imposing clock tower. Northeast from here is the Porte des Allemands, a turreted city gate and fortified bridge constructed during the 13th through 15th centuries.
Metz contains a confusion of architectural layers testifying to centuries-old history at the crossroads of different cultures, and has a number of architectural monuments. The city has one of the largest city reserves in France, and more than 100 city buildings are listed as historical monuments. The city is known for its yellow limestone architecture, as a result of the extensive use of Jaumont stone. The historical district has preserved part of the Gallo-Roman city with Cardo Maximus Divodurum, who was then called Via Scarponensis, and Decumanus Maximus. At the crossroads of Cardo and Decumanus was the Roman Forum, today Saint-Jacques Square.
Popular sites in Metz: Religious Monuments-
The Gothic St. Stephen’s Cathedral, built in the 13th century, has the world’s largest space with stained glass windows and the tenth highest nave in the world.
The Basilica of Saint-Pierre-o-Nonne, one of the oldest churches in the world and the cradle of Gregorian chants.
Church of St. Maximinus with stained-glass windows of the French artist Jean Cocteau and the church of St. Terez de Efan-Ges, built by the French architect Roger-Henri Expert.
The 13th-century chapel of the Knights Templar novelists, once part of the Templar commander Metz, the oldest institution of the Templars in the Holy Roman Empire.
The Metz Metropole Opera House was built in the 18th century in a neoclassical style under the influence of Tuscany. It is the oldest opera house both in France and Europe.
The house of Francois Rabelais when he arrived in Metz – the then free imperial city and republic – to avoid being convicted of the heresy of the University of Paris.
Metz is a home to numerous medieval buildings, including two granaries and several hotels.
Administrative Heritage –
The town square and its neighboring Neoclassical buildings.
The Neoclassical courthouse.
The Romanesque Revival Station-Palace and Central Post Office.
The Northeast France defense headquarters.
Military Heritage –
13th century German gate, the last medieval bridge in France.
The ruins of the defensive walls of the city, from ancient history to the 18th century, and the extensive fortifications of Metz of the 19th and 20th centuries.
Fort Queuleu, also called Queuleu Hell.
War memorial, art deco sculpture by French sculptor Paul Nicklass, representing a mother who holds her son’s corpse to her.