The Empire State Building is an Art Deco skyscraper in downtown Manhattan, New York. Shreve, Lamb & Harmon designed this building and it was completed in 1931. Its name comes from Empire State, nicknamed New York, of unknown origin. The Empire State Building was the tallest building in the world for almost 40 years before the completion of the construction of the North Tower of the World Trade Center in Lower Manhattan in late 1970. After the attacks of September 11, 2001, it was again the tallest building in New York before the New World Trade Center was built in April 2012.
Height of Empire State Building: The longest world record held by the Empire State Building was for the tallest skyscraper, which he held for 42 years until it was surpassed by the North Tower of the World Trade Center in October 1970. the tallest man-made structure in the world before it was surpassed by the Griffin television tower in Oklahoma in 1954, and the tallest freestanding structure in the world until the completion of the Ostankino tower in 1967. With the destruction of the World Trade Center as a result of the September 11 attacks, the Empire State Building again became the tallest building in New York and the second tallest building in North and South America, second only to the Willis Tower in Chicago.
Lights of the Empire State Building: The building was originally equipped with white spotlights on top of the tower. They first saw the light in November 1932, when they lit up, signaling Roosevelt’s victory over Hoover in the presidential election of that year. Later they were swapped for four “Freedom Fires” in 1956. In February 1964, spotlights were added to the 72nd floor to illuminate the upper part of the building at night, so that the building could be seen at the World Exhibition the same year. During 2012, four hundred metal halide lamps and building floodlights were replaced with 1200 LED lights, which increased the number of colors available from nine to more than 16 million. The computer-controlled system allows you to illuminate the building in ways that previously could not be done with plastic gels.
Empire State Building colors: The international icon of the New York, since 1976, the skyline; Empire State Building tower luminaries have maintained the color changing tradition for recognizing various cases and organizations throughout the year. That all changed in 2012, when the owner installed a new computer-controlled LED lighting system. The system is capable of displaying 16 million colors that can instantly change. We hold lighting ceremonies in front of our world-famous static lights and dazzling light shows to begin nightly activities. Our lamps celebrate holidays and events.
Above the 102nd floor: At the last stage of construction, a hollow mast was installed above the 86th floor, a 158-foot steel mine with elevators and utilities. Upstairs there will be a conical roof and a docking station on the 102nd floor. The elevators climb 167 feet from the 86th floor ticket office to the 101st floor lounge 33 feet wide. From there, the stairs would lead to the 102nd floor, where passengers would enter the airships. The airships would be moored to the spire on the equivalent 106th floor of the building. On the 102nd floor of the Empire State Building there is a door with a staircase leading to the 103rd floor. It was built as a landing site for airships tied to the building’s spire and has a circular balcony outside.
Broadcast stations: Broadcasting began in the Empire State Building on December 22, 1931, when NBC and RCA began transmitting experimental television broadcasts from a small antenna mounted on the top of the spire, with two separate transmitters for visual and audio data. They rented the 85th floor and built a laboratory there.
As of 2018, the following stations are located in the Empire State Building:
Television: WABC-7, WPIX-11, WXTV-41 Paterson and WFUT-68 Newark
FM: WNYL-92.3, WPAT-93.1 Paterson, WNYC-93.9, WPLJ-95.5, WXNY-96.3, WQHT-97.1, WSKQ-97.9, WEPN-98.7, WHTZ-100.3 Newark, WCBS-101.1, WFAN-101.9, WNEW- FM-102.7, WKTU-103.5 Lake Success, WAXQ-104.3, WWPR-105.1, WQXR-105.9 Newark, WLTW-106.7 and WBLS-107.5
Observation decks: The 86th and 102nd floors contain observatories that are visited by an average of 4 million visitors per year. Tourists should pay for visiting the observation deck on the 86th floor; there is an extra charge for access to the 102nd floor. Other ticket options for visitors include scheduled access to view the sunrise from the observatory, a premium tour with VIP access and an AM / PM package, which includes two visits on the same day. The 86th floor observatory contains both a closed section and a wide open section. The 102nd floor of the observatory is completely fenced and much smaller.
Shops and Restaurants: To extend your experience to the Empire State Building, do not forget to visit our shops and restaurants located in the main lobby of the building. RESTAURANTS include STATE GRILL AND BAR, Tacombi, Sushi Teriya, Starbucks, Juice Press, and stores include Walgreens, FedEx, AT & T